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Gender Issues in INDIA

29 Mar

India


Population:
1.21 billion
Sex ratio:
0.94 male/female
Key Issues: 

Laws:

  • Police initiatives to introduce a more rights-based approach to women’s issues (gender training of their personnel and the Parivartan programme of the Delhi Police)
  • Government schemes for the girl child
  • Institutionalising safety of women and girls: the Delhi government initiatives
  • Changing policy into law – initial stages: sexual harassment at the workplace guidelines and child sexual abuse draft bill

Government’s responses:

  • Increase in women’s participation at all levels: social, economic and political
  • Awareness of women’s rights – by the State, civil society organisations, as well as the public at large
  • Gender budgeting and gender mainstreaming within State agencies and civil society organisations
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Gender Issues in MYANMAR

29 Mar

Myanmar


Population:
61 million
Sex ratio:
0.99 male(s)/female
Key issues:

  • Gender-related wage gaps

  • Lack of access to institutionalized credit for women

  • Cultural norms that might disadvantage women

    • early marriage

  • Vulnerability of poor women to trafficking

  • Oppression, sexual harassment and sexual violence

Laws:

  • Sexual harassment is not addressed in any law
  • Polygamy is permitted under Myanmar customary law
  • Myanmar Women’s Affairs Federation (MWAF)
  • Buddhist Women Special Marriage and Succession Act of 1954

Government’s responses:

  • Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association
    • provide vocational training to young girls and women

Gender Issues in THAILAND

29 Mar

Thailand


Population:
64 million
Sex ratio:
0.98male(s) / female
Key issues:

  • Human trafficking / Prostitution
  • Sexual harassment
  • Violence
  • Lack of opportunities in the communities / higher-pay job

Laws:

  • 1997 Constitution provides women and men in Thailand with equal rights
  • Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW):
    • man who engages in a second marriage is considered to have committed perjury against the presiding officiate
  • Violence against women is a criminal offense
  • Prostitution and human trafficking is illegal

Government’s  responses

  • current government is fighting for “women’s rights” to stop trafficking,  low-payings, sexual harassment and violence
    • set up the National Development Fund for Women to promote the female gender in the society to become an important force of creation and development for Thailand.
  • aims to develop women’s roles in society