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Gender Issues in INDIA

29 Mar

India


Population:
1.21 billion
Sex ratio:
0.94 male/female
Key Issues: 

Laws:

  • Police initiatives to introduce a more rights-based approach to women’s issues (gender training of their personnel and the Parivartan programme of the Delhi Police)
  • Government schemes for the girl child
  • Institutionalising safety of women and girls: the Delhi government initiatives
  • Changing policy into law – initial stages: sexual harassment at the workplace guidelines and child sexual abuse draft bill

Government’s responses:

  • Increase in women’s participation at all levels: social, economic and political
  • Awareness of women’s rights – by the State, civil society organisations, as well as the public at large
  • Gender budgeting and gender mainstreaming within State agencies and civil society organisations
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Gender Issues in KYRGYZSTAN

29 Mar

Kyrgyzstan


Population:
5.4 million
Sex ratio:
0.96 male/female
Key issues:

  • violence against women
  • forced marriage
  • traditional stereotypes / cultural norms
    • prevent women from fully exercising their rights to own property.
    • women are often refused credit because they are unable to offer sufficient guarantees.

Laws:

  • Spousal rape is punishable under Kyrgyz legislation.
  • Article 3 of the Constitution of  Kyrgyzstan prohibits all discrimination on the grounds of gender, ethnic origin or religious belief.
  • Article 8 recognises the existence of certain discriminatory traditions or customary norms that are obstacles to gender equality in the country.
  • 2003 Law on Social-Legal Protection from Domestic Violence
    • designed to prevent, rather than penalise, such violence.

Crimes Against Women in Burma

29 Mar

The International Tribunal held a mock trial on Crimes against women of Burma. Victims of rape, sexual violence, enslavement, trafficking and imprisonment, spoke up and took a stand for not just themselves but for the future generations of young women in Burma and everywhere else.

Gender Issues in MYANMAR

29 Mar

Myanmar


Population:
61 million
Sex ratio:
0.99 male(s)/female
Key issues:

  • Gender-related wage gaps

  • Lack of access to institutionalized credit for women

  • Cultural norms that might disadvantage women

    • early marriage

  • Vulnerability of poor women to trafficking

  • Oppression, sexual harassment and sexual violence

Laws:

  • Sexual harassment is not addressed in any law
  • Polygamy is permitted under Myanmar customary law
  • Myanmar Women’s Affairs Federation (MWAF)
  • Buddhist Women Special Marriage and Succession Act of 1954

Government’s responses:

  • Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association
    • provide vocational training to young girls and women

Gender issues in HONDURAS

29 Mar

Honduras


Population:
8.1 million
Sex ratio:
1.01 male(s)/female
Key issues:

  • violence against women
  • Rape (“public crime”)

Laws:

  • The Constitution of Honduras prohibits all forms of discrimination and federal legislation makes clear reference to equality for men and women.
  • feminist movement in Honduras grew significantly in the 1980s and 1990s, and paved the way for the adoption of several laws favorable to women.

Government’s responses:

  • National Women Institute

Gender Issues in the PHILIPPINES

29 Mar

Philippines


Population:
92 million
Sex ratio:
1 male/female
Key issues:

  • Lack of access to adequate health care
  • Domestic violence
  • Prostitution/human trafficking

Laws:

  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) was ratified by the Philippines in 1979.
  • The Anti Sexual Harassment Act of 1995
  • Rape Victim Assistance and Protection Act of 1998
  • Republic Act No. 8972 or the “Solo Parents’ Welfare Act of 2000” is the Philippine law on single parents
  • The Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003
  • Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004
  • Magna Carta for Women 2009

Government’s responses:

  • Philippine Plan for Gender Responsive Development (PPGD) 1995-2025 – A 30-year perspective plan that outlines the policies, strategies, programs and projects that the government must adopt to enable women to participate in and benefit from national government; adopted as the country’s main vehicle in implementing the 1995 Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action
  • National Commission on the Role of Filipino Women (NCRFW)
    • Advisory body to the President of the Philippines on policies, and programs concerning women. It is mandated to review, evaluate and recommend measures, including priorities to ensure the full integration of women for economic, social and cultural development at national, regional and international levels, and to ensure further quality between men and women.