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Gender Issues in the PHILIPPINES

29 Mar


92 million
Sex ratio:
1 male/female
Key issues:

  • Lack of access to adequate health care
  • Domestic violence
  • Prostitution/human trafficking


  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) was ratified by the Philippines in 1979.
  • The Anti Sexual Harassment Act of 1995
  • Rape Victim Assistance and Protection Act of 1998
  • Republic Act No. 8972 or the “Solo Parents’ Welfare Act of 2000” is the Philippine law on single parents
  • The Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003
  • Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004
  • Magna Carta for Women 2009

Government’s responses:

  • Philippine Plan for Gender Responsive Development (PPGD) 1995-2025 – A 30-year perspective plan that outlines the policies, strategies, programs and projects that the government must adopt to enable women to participate in and benefit from national government; adopted as the country’s main vehicle in implementing the 1995 Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action
  • National Commission on the Role of Filipino Women (NCRFW)
    • Advisory body to the President of the Philippines on policies, and programs concerning women. It is mandated to review, evaluate and recommend measures, including priorities to ensure the full integration of women for economic, social and cultural development at national, regional and international levels, and to ensure further quality between men and women.